Two Key questions: Political Economy & Sovereignty (two dimensions of power)

Another dimension: Cultural Power (cross-cultural effects)
Political Economy: the study of control and survival on social life—Vincent Moscow—“The Political Economy of Communication” (political processes, how organizations reproduce or increase their power in social life)
This definition is too broad, no focus on the real issues involved.
Political economy is related to 1) the totality of social change and 2) history.
What political forces are driving the changes? The deep history of any institution and organization.
Political economy drives any 3) philosophical issue.
Political economy is intertwined with 4) social practice.
The political economy lens/theory/philosophy:
1. commodification: information is commodified
2. specialization: how we use technology to overcome and recreate physical or geographical constraints
3. structuration: how protocols are made normal in daily life
Mattelart’s Histoire de la société de l’information—-Political Economy
The Utopian scientific driven society—novel   technology determinism
global standards: TCP/IP & ISO
We clearly need to change our expectations of what it means to be citizens, and we need to be able to make meaningful change but how? Whether global media is empower or disempower the average person? 

The world as isolated places—whether the world is a better place compared to 100 years ago? Poverty in the United States is clearly worse. The rich-poor gap.  We care, but what do we do to help?
How might a techno-optimist respond to the general critique that the global market is dominated by American capitalism?
Does the information society or the global media system have any redeeming or worthwhile qualities?
Is standardization always a good thing?

Is capitalism necessarily a bad thing?

Is capitalism necessarily a bad thing?
Certain parts of the society should not be under the total control of capital.
The social welfare system and the polarization issue, for instance.
What will happen if capitalism doe not rule?  Does world communism & social democrats improve our livelihood in this world?
Allocation and distribution of resources. Capitalism and democracy are intertwined, why? A doubt.

The rights we have created have been adopted by corporate apparatus. 
When Schiller is talking about how the American model is found on TV scenes all over the world and he says, “People everywhere are consumers of American images, sounds, ideas, products and services”. So, why is he calling all of this globalization instead of imperialism? 
Can Academic articles on information technology keep up with the rate of innovation?
Is there something unique or different about the internet that makes it more resistant to neoliberal expansion?Gatekeeping of content, monitory control, what’s been said and what’s been shared.
Tier 1 global companies for instance, gain avenue that surpasses the sum of many state revenues. 
Back to the income disparity.

McChesney “The Media System Goes Global”
Does democracy have to be capitalist? Democracy promotes individual interest, but socialism seems promote this, too, to some extent. 
How should we hold media corporation accountable? 

Is it fair to complain about the success of a wealthy few? Does capitalism have inherent limits to how much a person can gain and how much another can suffer/lose? What would that opposition look like, and how might it be achieved? 
McChesney seems to suggest economic downturn may rouse peoples into challenging the neoliberal expansion. How valid is his suggestion? Global economic downturn weakened medium and small corporations. It’s easy to identify corporate and governmental efforts. Cable providers are hated, google is an example. It uses light, which is faster than any other ways. 
Comor “The Re-Tooling of American Hegemony”
The ability to legitimately use violence. 
“Marketplace for loyalties”: A model

Economic Term                         Market for Loyalties
sellers                                        governments & Powerholders
buyers                                       citizens, community members
price/currency                         loyalty
goods                                         identity
The problem of the model is loyalty and identity cannot be commodified? Sometimes they can be commodified, but that is sort of an ethical issue…
The Olympics
Deutsch “Nationalism and Social Communication: An Inquiry into the Foundation of Nationality”

As a consultant to the government, Deutsch basically says you have to have the idea that you are part of the other class if nationalism is to happen in a creative way. if not, no one nuts the system. 
How in practice can nationalism be tested?
Mediated connections and communication is physical even if people are not physically acting toward each other, say, virtually.
The identity issue. Do you consider yourself politically religiously, or else?
Does the internet enable transnational group cohesions that could outweigh the cultural cohesions of a nation?
Communication is crucial to the fundamental communities and nation-states.
Is there a relationship between the density of information and the strength of the community? Does more information creates a stronger society? I would say not necessarily so. Because information is this one way input into peoples’ minds, it will have to be consumed critically among people in communication.
Benedict Anderson—the Founding father of nationalism
If nationalism contains so many factors that interact dynamically in itself, how can we become able to communicate internationally in a friendly effective way, provided the differences between and among nations on these factors? Dr. Powers thinks this question of mine is excellent, but I am tortured by thinking out a way desperately every single day!
Considering the author’s conceptualization of nation as “imagined community”, what might they be missing/ignoring in terms of narratives and histories that are shared among peoples? Further, if we are to accept their notion of nation as imagined community, can we say that there are any communities that are not imagined?
What microcosmos of nations as imagined communities dose encounter in everyday on the basis of shared identity, history, experience, etc. are also market driven?
What would have become if nationality, for some reason, print had encouraged the madd learning of Latin rather than the fatality of language?
A wikipedia society?

Iwabuchi “Culture and National Border Administration in 21st Century Japan”
Is there any risk of “fashionable nationalism” igniting a divisive nationalism in the future?
We exactly have certain Japanese cultural products become so well-liked in the U.S.? is it just more exoticism, or is it something else?
Paddy Scannell’s “The Centrality of Televisions of the Center in Today’s Globalized World”
We all know we are increasingly connected to each other, and that time and space are erased in today’s new media system of communication, but how do people coordinately make the world a better place for all peoples? We have set up international organizations, but how effective are they, again?

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