Fundamentals of Grant Writing and IRB Approval

Types of Grants

Elements of the Proposal
Cover sheet/Abstract
* Succinctly states the purpose of request and amount requested (the “elevator pitch”)
* Should include slightly longer but concise, easy to follow, and measured explanations of project and what precisely the grant will fund. If applying on behalf of a group or organization, may include organizational history.
-Statement of intend should address the foundational question——why this project or this need?-Without descending into hyperbole, assuming specialized knowledge, or ommitting basic information
* Should always adhere to the foundation’s request for proposals (RFP). May request a copy of the rating form the agency uses.
* Cover letter may require signature of home institution guaranteeing support

Work or Action Plan and Projected Outcomes
*Should include information about the various stakeholders in the project, who will benefit, who will be doing the actual work, who is the project director. Resumes or CVs may be included.
* Should also address basic information such as what work has already been done, what is the timeline for the remainder of the project, and possibly what the projected outcome is and how will that outcome be measured or evaluated. most grant making agencies will require some sort of report at the concluding of the project.

Budget Statement
*Grant expenses can be broken down into categories
-Personal Expenses
a. Any projected use of grant fund to pay salaries, stipends, one-time payments to contractors, fringe benefits, payroll taxes, or payments for course releases or other time “bought” from an organization for an employee’s time
b. May also include statement of support from affiliate organization offers additional funds, employee time, to use of other resources
-Direct Project Expenses
All non-employee expenses, which could include travel, advertising, office supplies, or food
-Administrative or indirect Expenses
a. May be itemized or done by percentage of direct expenses
b. Some funders have strict rules for indirect expenses
c. Examples include any expense, such as rent, that will have to be paid whether the project happens or not

Additional Materials
*Additional funding sources
*Statements of support
*Overall organizational budget or tax return for past, current, or future fiscal years
*Organizational hierarchy or list of sponsors/dissertation director
*Plans for renewal or projected sources of additional funding/support


Internal Review Board Approval

The Belmont Report on Ethical Principles and Guidelines for the Protection of Human Subjects of Research
*Released April 18, 1979, by National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and behavioral Research, under the direction of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare.
*Charged to determine
-Boundaries between research and practice of medicine
-Role of risk-benefit assessment in determining appropriate research involving human subjects
-Guidelines for the selection of human subjects
-Definition of informed consent
*Response to Tuskegee Syphilis Study, the Stanford Prison Experiment, and other controversial uses of human subjects.

IRB Proposal: refer to IRB instruction page, GSU

General Outline of Research Protocol by WTO



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